Michael WEICHERT, Resident Representative of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in Romania and the Republic of Moldova
Silvia TĂBUȘCĂ, Project Coordinator – European Center for Legal Education and Research
9:45am - 11:00am
PANEL I: ASSESSING THE SUPPLY SIDE FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING. A PROACTIVE APPROACH
Speakers: Aimée COMRIE, Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Officer, UNODC
Iulia HĂLĂNGESCU, Vice-President, Pakiv European Roma Fund, Sweden
Silvia DUMITRACHE, President, Associazione Donne Romene, Italy
Questions & Answers
Chairperson: Valeriu NICOLAE, Former Special Representative for Roma Issues of the Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland, Council of Europe, Strasbourg
11:00am - 11:30am
11:30am - 1:00pm
PANEL II: NATIONAL POLICIES IN THE PREVENTION OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING
Speakers: Jan VAN DIJK, 1st Vice-President of Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), Council of Europe, Strasbourg
Angel TÎLVĂR, President of the Romanian Parliament’s Anti-Trafficking Group
Veaceslav SARAMET, Secretary of State, Ministry for Romanians Everywhere
Adrian PETRESCU, Former Director, National Agency Against Human Trafficking
Questions & Answers Chairperson: Radu NICOLAE, Member of the Romanian Working Group on Human Trafficking and Smuggling
1:00pm - 2:00pm
2:00pm - 4:00pm
PANEL III: RETHINKING INTER-INSTITUTIONAL COOPERATION. STRATEGIES TO FIGHT HUMAN TRAFFICKING WHERE IT BEGINS
Speakers: Dalia AVRAMOFF, Prosecutor, Coordinator of Trafficking in Persons and Victims’ Rights, Former Senior Deputy to District Attorney of Tel Aviv, Israel
Alina ALBU, Chief Prosecutor of the Department for Combating Organized Crime, Directorate for the Investigation of Organized Crime and Terrorism (DIICOT), Romania
Thomas AHLSTRAND, Deputy Chief Prosecutor of the International Public Prosecution Office in Gothenburg, Sweden
Bernie GRAVETT, Director, Specialist Policing Consultancy, UK
Russell ASHENDEN, Legal (FBI) Attaché, U.S. Embassy in Romania
Questions & Answers Chairperson: Silvia TĂBUȘCĂ, Project Coordinator – European Center for Legal Education and Research
4:00pm - 4:30pm
4:30pm - 5:30pm
PANEL IV: CLOSING GAPS AND REDUCING VULNERABILITIES. THE WAY AHEAD
Speakers: Cornel CĂLINESCU, Director, National Agency for the Management of Seized Assets
David Allen SCHLAEFER, Political counselor, U.S. Embassy in Romania
Katalin KIBEDI, Former Prosecutor & Secretary of State, Romanian Ministry of Justice
Silvia TĂBUȘCĂ, Project Coordinator – European Center for Legal Education and Research
Questions & Answers
InterContinental Hotel, Rapsodia Hall
Address: Bulevardul Nicolae Bălcescu 4, București 010051
Phone: 021 310 2020
N.B.: The discussions will be held in Romanian and English, under the rule of Chatham House. The 4th edition addresses the main challenges encountered by the Romanian, British, Dutch, German, Israeli, Swedish, and U.S. actors involved in preventing and combating trafficking in persons, as well as the need to redesign interinstitutional cooperation. The event gathers magistrates and lawyers, police officers, labour inspectors, public
servants, physicians, researchers, NGO’s representatives, as well as foreign diplomats in Romania.
Ms. Aimée Comrie is a Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Officer in the Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Section of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) based in Vienna, Austria. She is the policy lead on the Global Action to Prevent and Address Trafficking inPersons and Migrant Smuggling (GLO.ACT), a four year 11 million euro project being implemented in 13 countries across the globe, funded by the EU and in collaboration with UNICEF and IOM. She is a qualified Canadian lawyer who has worked in investigations and prosecutions of international war crimes and crimes against humanity, including enslavement and sexual slavery. She served for 4 years as Adviser to the OSCE Special Representative on Combatting Trafficking in Human Beings, leading the criminal justice portfolio. Previously, she worked for seven years in the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, especially on the investigation and prosecution of cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan and Uganda. As an investigator, she gathered evidence and lead interviews throughout Africa and the Middle East, including from suspects, as well as vulnerable and highly traumatized victims. Prior to the ICC she worked on constitutional law cases at the Supreme Court of Canada and the UN Human Rights Committee, and worked for human rights NGOs in Mexico and Cambodia. She graduated with distinction from McGill University with double law degrees (common and civil law) as well as a B.A. in Social Anthropology, and a Masters in Forced Migration Studies from Oxford University. Ms. Comrie is admitted to practice law in the State of New York and is also a certified fraud examiner.
Silvia is a Law Professor at the Romanian-American University, School of Law, Director of the Center for Human Rights and Migration, and the Coordinator of the Human Security Program at the European Center for Legal Education and Research. She has been working in the field of international human rights protection for over ten years, with a specific focus on non-discrimination (disability, women, religion, Roma, LGBT) and, more recently, on human security (R2P, SDGs & the rights of future generations, refugees, migration and smuggling, and human trafficking). Silvia is recognized as a leading consultant & trainer (working with UNHCHR, UNHCR, UNDP, UE institutions/MS embassies in Romania, Latta & Co, Milieu Ltd., Ramboll Management Consulting) and an independent expert, being involved in many national and international projects.
Mrs. Tăbușcă holds a Post-Doctorate from the Romanian Academy (of Sciences), a Doctorate in Law and a LL.M in Public International Law from the University of Bucharest, Romania, as well as a LL.M.. in Intercultural Human Rights from St. Thomas University, Miami, Florida. Author of numerous academic papers, she is also a member of well-established professional networks: Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime, International Refugee Rights Initiative’s Rights in Exile Programme, Standing Group on Organised Crime (SGOC/ECPR), Council for European Studies – Immigration Research Network, Global Alliance for Justice Education, European Network of Clinical Legal Education, International Justice Mission, Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Protection, European Society of International Law etc.
Dr. Tăbușcă has been nominated by the US Embassy in Romania for the international award – 2015 “Hero Acting to End Modern Slavery”.
Jan VAN DIJK
Jan Van Dijk is emeritus professor of victimology at the International Victimology Institute of the University of Tilburg, The Netherlands. He is Vice President of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) of the Council of Europe. He worked as director for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in Vienna between 1999 and 2006. In 2012 he received the Stockholm Prize in Criminology.
Chamber of Deputies – Romanian Parliament
December 2016 — Present
Chamber of Deputies – Romanian Parliament
November 2012 — December 2016
Ministry of Foreign Affairs December 2014 — November 2015
Veaceslav is currently secretary of State in the Ministry for Romanians Everywhere. He founded the Basarabian Students Association (ASEB) in Bucharest, which he coordinated for 6 years and has participated and organized many Erasmus and Youth in Action projects.
In 2011, together with 12 other associations from all over Romania, he founded the Association of Basarabian Associations in Romania - the only representative organization at national level of Moldovan young people from Romania who are studying in Romania.
His activity in civil society is complemented by entrepreneurial activity: starting with 2015 he manages clinical dentistry with a group of 14 people.
In 2016, through PES Moldova launched the Campaign "The European Citizen Academy", aiming to organize monthly training with the young people and civil society about the rights and obligations of a European citizen.
LLB., Faculty of Law, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.
M.A., Public Policy, Executive Program, Tel Aviv University,
Tel Aviv, Israel.
Prosecutor, Senior Deputy to District Attorney of Tel Aviv (criminal law), Tel-Aviv, 1988-2016. Head of team of prosecutors, referent/coordinator of Trafficking in Persons and Victims' Rights, representing the State throughout the years in criminal cases, mainly harsh crimes (such as trafficking in persons, enslavement, murder manslaughter, rape, domestic violence, abuse of partners and of children), forming norms and patterns of relating to and coping with these subjects and aspects of social behavior, when these were still new issues and creating legal precedents.
Also, in the capacity of coordinator , initiating, forging and forming State Attorney's policy in the combat against TIP, and in implementation of Victims' Rights Law. Representative of State Attorney's office, in Parliament Committees. Member of the inter-ministerial team and committees to combat TIP, promoting particularly rights of Trafficking Victims, including appropriate legislation, implementing and forging the program and recommendations of placing TIP as a government prerogative and the consecutive actions to be taken thereafter, as well as forming relevant guidelines. Collaboration with NGOs in all matters concerning victims' rights and combat against TIP, such as promoting prioritization of compensation for victims within the criminal process.
Procuror șef al Secției de combatere a criminalității organizate din cadrul DIICOT- structura centrala
Parchetul de pe lângă Înalta Curte de Casație și Justiție
Procuror din anul 1998 și din anul 2003 îsi desfășoara activitatea in domeniul combaterii criminalității organizate, inițial in cadrul Secției de combatere a crimei organizate și antidrog din cadrul Parchetului de pe lângă Înalta Curte de Casație și Justiție, apoi după înființarea DIICOT in anul 2004 in cadrul Serviciului de combatere a criminalității organizate- Biroul de combatere a traficului de persoane.
În perioada 01.02.2006 - 01.02.2008 a fost detașată in cadrul M.A.I. - Direcția Generală Anticorupție, unde am îndeplinit funcția de Șef Serviciu Anchete.
Din anul 2008 am revenit în cadrul DIICOT și a reluat activitatea in cadrul aceluiași Birou de combatere a traficului de persoane, iar ulterior a îndeplinit succesiv următoarele funcții în cadrul DIICOT- între 2011-2015 procuror șef al Biroului de combatere a infracțiunilor de violenta, între 2015 – 2016 procuror șef al Serviciului de combatere a criminalității organizate, iar din 1 Ianuarie 2017 odată cu intrarea in vigoare a OUG 78/2016 și reorganizarea structurii centrale, procuror șef al Secției de combatere a criminalității organizate.
În decursul perioadei a instrumentat numeroase dosare penale, preponderent vizând grupuri infracționale organizate în scopul comiterii de infracțiuni grave, precum traficul de persoane, traficul de migranți, tâlhării cu mână armată și furturi calificate cu prejudicii de milioane de euro, majoritatea cauzelor vizând infracțiuni cu caracter transnațional, astfel încât am o bogată experiență în cooperarea internațională, fiind de altfel implicată și în mai multe echipe comune de anchetă, cu state ca Germania, Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii și Irlandei de Nord și Belgia.
Thomas Ahlstrand is deputy chief prosecutor at the International Public Prosecution Office in Gothenburg where he works against organized crime with international elements. For the last ten years he has been specializing in cases concerning trafficking in human beings, especially for sexual purposes. He has lectured on the subject in different international and national conferences. He is a member of the European Judicial Network.
Bernie Gravett is a retired Police Superintendent from the Metropolitan Police. He completed 31 years in the police service in April 2011. He is a Senior EU Expert in combatting transnational organised crime, child sexual exploitation and trafficking in human beings.
Bernie is also an expert on the Europol AWF Intelligence system and an accredited Eurojust expert on Joint Investigation Teams and Mutual Legal Assistance.
He is now the director of Specialist Policing Consultancy Ltd. The company brings together a number of organised crime and human trafficking specialists who share the aim of passing on their knowledge and experience with law enforcement, local authority and 3rd sector staff.
Bernie also specialises in consultancy and specialist training on international cooperation projects and European funding streams for law enforcement. He has written and participated in EC funded police projects combatting cross border organised crime.
He was a lead partner on the EC funding project RACE in Europe. This project was multi-faceted including the delivery human trafficking training to police, prosecutors and NGOs from all 28 EU member states together with a research project. The research element included all of the 8 partners together with information gathering and assessment during the training stages. The project concluded with an international conference in Brussels together with the publication of the research finding. The project was registered under the Internal Security fund. (HOME/2011/ISEC/AG/THB/4000002205).
Bernie has been involved in a number of EC projects most recently the ePOOLICE (early Pursuit against Organised crime using envirOnmental scanning, the Law and IntelligenCE systems) is funded under European Commission 7th Framework Programme security themed research (Topic SEC-2012.6.3-1), designed to meet the requirement of “Developing an efficient and effective environmental scanning system as part of the early warning system for the detection of emerging organised crime threats”. This was a 3 year project with funding from the EC Horizon 2020 fund. It ran from 2013 to 2016. Bernie’s role was as an end user expert.
The ePOOLICE project was coordinated by Isdefe (Spain), who lead a strong consortium of organisations working within the organised crime domain across European Union Member States including: CENTRIC (UK), West Yorkshire Police (UK), Legind Technologies (Denmark), Inthemis (France), SAS (UK), CEA (France), Fraunhofer (Germany), Thales (Netherlands), United Nations Interregional Crime & Just&ce Research Institute (Italy), Macedonia Ministry of Interior (Macedonia), Guardia Civil (Spain), Universidad de Granada (Spain), Aalborg University (Denmark), Study Department of Bavarian Police, (Germany) EUROPOL (Netherlands), Copenhagen Institute for Future Studies (Denmark).
Law Enforcement Experience
Bernie created and led ‘Operation Golf’, an investigation into Romanian Roma Organised Crime Networks. This investigation targeted one of the largest human trafficking rings in Europe. The gangs specifically exploited children who were forced to beg and steal across the UK and Europe. This operation was in partnership with the Crown Prosecution Service, the Romanian National Police, UK Human Trafficking Centre, Europol and Eurojust. The partnership was a formal Joint Investigation Team under EU law and is the first such operation in Europe.
On 28th November 2008 Operation Golf achieved the first conviction in the UK for the trafficking of a child for criminal exploitation and also for ‘internal’ trafficking within the UK for criminal exploitation. Four members of the OCN were sentenced for a total of 24 years in prison.
The investigation was victim focused and led to the recovery development of victim care processes and multi-agency working on large scale recovery and assessment operations across the UK. The investigation led to the development of a victim identification process that later became part of the London Safeguarding Children’s Board trafficked victim’s toolkit. The investigation also became party to care proceedings in the High Court (Family Division) to further safeguard the victims of trafficking.
Operation Golf was successful in receiving support funding from the European Commission due to the unique work being carried out by the Joint Investigation Team. This included the operational deployment of Metropolitan Police officers in an investigative role on Romanian soil in joint operations.
The operation concluded in December 2010 with over 146 members of the criminal network prosecuted in the UK and Romania. This was unique in policing history thoroughly dismantling the network and reducing trafficking of children across the whole of Europe.
Following this he negotiated and led ‘Operation Inspector’ with the Bulgarian Police, this investigation targeted international criminal gangs trafficking women and young girls around the world forcing them to commit acquisitive crime primarily pick pocketing with many being trafficked as prostitutes. The investigation identified over 3,000 women being exploited by Bulgarian organised criminal groups in the UK and across the world and as far away as Australia.
Bernie has advised the Home Office, the Foreign &&Commonwealth Office on organised crime, trafficking of human beings, Romanian Organised Crime and foreign national offending. He has presented at the International Crime Symposium at Cambridge University and at a number of NGO forums across the UK. He has been engaged as guest lecturer at St Mary’s University presenting to their criminology and law faculty students and staff. He has performed the same role at the University of the West of England in Bristol.
He has developed training for law enforcement officers that has been delivered to the UK Serious Organised Crime Agency, UK Police forces, CEPOL, Europol, Interpol, Eurojust, IOM, ICMPD, OSCE, the UNODC and TADOC. He is currently engaged in an EC funded 6 country training project on behalf of ICMPD that includes Albania, Azerbaijan, Bosnia Herzegovina, Moldova, Pakistan and Turkey.
Bernie works with ECPAT UK (on child trafficking) and Anti-Slavery International delivering training on human trafficking and child protection issues for police, social workers and other frontline staff. He has designed and delivered international crime courses for European Police College (CEPOL). In addition, Bernie provides expert witness testimony in the UK Courts on behalf of victims of trafficking.
Bernie has been a contributing author in three books on human trafficking.
David Allen SCHLAEFER
David Schlaefer is the Political Counselor of the United States Embassy in Bucharest. He has worked on trafficking-in-persons in the Nordic-Baltic and Black Sea regions for many years, including establishing the first trilateral US.-Finnish-Estonian anti-TIP working group in the mid-2000s, during a period of increased transnational crime in the Baltic area. Mr. Schlaefer will lead the U.S. Embassy’s special unit for cooperation with Romania during its 2019 EC Presidency, prioritizing cooperation against TIP. Mr. Schlaefer arrived in Romania in 2016 and has had previous diplomatic assignments in Mexico, Brazil, Finland, Iraq, and Japan, as well as at the U.S. Department of State in Washington DC.
For her activity as prosecutor, the President of Romania conferred to her a praiseworthy diploma in 2002 (Meritul Judiciar, clasa a 2-a). In 2006, as State Secretary she succeed in to convince the Parliament of Romania to adopt the law on mediation and the organization of the mediation profession. After that, she worked for promoting mediation and the profession in Romania, so she participated in more projects, such as „Enhacing the judicial cooperation in the field of parental responsibility” under the Civil Justice Programme, project financed by European Union, Ministry of Justice of Romania and Hungaria, in nov. 2010, Bucharest, also „Modern trends in juvenile deliquency – Resilience of the delinquent child” organized by the Department of social work and the Center of Research Based on Parent-Child Interaction, Faculty of Sociology and Psychology, West University of Timișoara, in may 2011.
Socio-psiho-pedagog si activista de etnie roma, absolventa a Facultatii de Sociologie si Asistenta Sociala – Universitatea Bucuresti, cu subspecializare de Ofiter de Probatiune.
In 2003 termina cursurile Colegiului International I.P.C Helsingör, Danermarca, specializandu-se in Management de Proiect si Dezvoltare Comunitara.
Din 2003 pana in 2007 coordoneaza proiecte dedicate dezvoltarii comunitatilor de romi din Ungaria si Bulgaria.
In 2007, alaturi de alti absolventi ai Colegiului International I.P.C Helsingör, Danermarca, infiinteaza Pro European Network, o retea care a dezvoltat proiecte pentru comunitatile de romi in Romania, Bulgaria, Ungaria si Slovacia.
In 2009 devine directorul executiv al Asociatiei de Ajutor AMURTEL Romania, desfasurand activitati cu tinerii proveniti din centrele de plasament situatie in care a lucrat si pe problematica traficului de carne vie.
In 2010 devine vice-presedinte al fondului Pakiv European Roma Fund, activand in domeniul migratie in situatia taberelor de romi din Italia.
In 2016 lucreaza ca asistent social pentru Goteborg Raddningsmissione, facilitand grupul de cersatori romani si romi proveniti din Romania, confruntandu-se si in aceasta situatie cu cazuri de trafic de carne vie. the international award – 2015 “Hero Acting to End Modern Slavery”.
Silvia works in the social, cross-cultural and communication fields. A Romanian native, living in Italy since 2003, Ms. Dumitrache is the founder and president of the Romanian Women’s Association in Italy - ADRI, voluntarily coordinates a transnational project in support of migrant families, is constantly involved in social solidarity, networking, facilitation and advocacy activities for assuming responsibility to safeguard the rights of children, women and the migratory family. Ms. Dumitrache is a member of the Permanent Workgroup of Equal Opportunities of the Metropolitan City of Milan, the Anti-Trafficking Group, of the Romanian Women’s Lobby, and of the Italian Coordination of the European Women's Lobby. Silvia is an IMmezcla blogger and also worked with the Romanian National Television and the Italian RAI.
Mr Valeriu Nicolae is a human rights activist and communications trainer with extensive experience in Europe and worldwide. Since December 2015 he has worked for the Romanian government as State Counsellor at the Prime Minister’s Chancellery, and since March 2016 as State Secretary at the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly. His work includes social policy and social services, national programmes for children rights, social inclusion, and poverty policies.
He founded and served as president of the Policy Center for Roma and Minorities, a Bucharest-based think tank; he also co-founded the European Roma Policy Coalition, which includes some of the most active NGOs in the field of human rights. Prior to engagement with the Romanian government, he worked with World Vision Romania, as a senior consultant for the Open Society Institute and European institutions, and as director and advocacy director for a network of European Roma NGOs (ERGO).
Valeriu holds a Master in Contemporary Diplomacy from the University of Malta. He has written and published extensively on Roma issues and human rights. He regularly presents papers at international conferences and conducts training seminars on human rights, advocacy and communication skills, including for Aspen Institute Romania and World Vision. He is a regularly invited lecturer for Amnesty International and many universities and intergovernmental institutions. In recent years Valeriu has dedicated a good part of his time to working with schoolchildren in Bucharest’s worst ghetto (educational and sports activities), together with a growing team of volunteers.